The Kurdish Human Rights Situation Report in June 2020

This is KMMK’s monthly report, June 2020, on the human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. This report summarizes key human rights issues on events during June 2020, including executions, detentions, torture and suicide. Data is collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.

This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to resource limitations, restriction to access to the country, the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civic and human rights groups by the Iranian government.

In June 2020 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.

Execution:
In June 2020, at least two people were executed in Iranian prisons.

Three prisoners were executed in June. One of the executed people, Hedayat Abdollahpour, was sentenced to death for political reasons and for membership in Kurdish parties and shot by the Islamic Republic of Iran.

First nameFamily nameAgeCityAccusationDare of excecuation
HedayatAbdollahpourShno(Oshnawye)political reasons26.06.2020
RahimYousefi40PiranshahrQisas10.06.2020
Mohammad AzizMahmoudiUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)Murder30.06.2020

Environment:
Three environmental activists from East Kurdistan were killed to stem a forest fire in the city of Paveh.

Mokhtar Khandan, Bilal Amini and Yasin Karimi are environmental activists who have lost their lives. They are likely to be killed by Iranian government security forces.

Imprisonment and illegal detention:

In June 2020, at least nineteen Kurdish civilians were detained by Iranian security forces. Most of the detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order. It has been reported that the detainees have been beaten and tortured by the security and intelligence forces.

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of detentionDateAccusation
ShahramMustafapourUnknownUrmia01.06.2020Unknown
OmarKhakzadUnknownPiranshahr02.06.2020Unknown
BabakDabirianUnknownKermanshah08.06.2020civic activist
SoheibSaediUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)08.06.2020environmental activist
KheiratParvazUnknownMarivan12.06.2020Unknown
Seyyed AhmadSaberiUnknownPiranshahr22.06.2020Unknown
Ebrahim ShuryaniUnknownBaneh22.06.2020Unknown
AliAzizianUnknownParviz-Khan border point22.06.2020merchant
PayamAzizianUnknownParviz-Khan border point22.06.2020merchant
MortezaAmiriUnknownParviz-Khan border point22.06.2020merchant
MostafaAmiriUnknownParviz-Khan border point22.06.2020merchant
ArsalanNatoushUnknownUrmia border26.06.2020Koulbar
RezaSoufivandUnknownDoroud27.06.2020Unknown
AfshinSheykhoeslamiUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)27.06.2020civic activist
Faranak JamshidiUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)28.06.2020civic activist
KhalesPourmohammadiUnknownMakou29.06.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
MohammadUnknownUnknownMakou29.06.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
SamadUnknownUnknownMakou29.06.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
ArdashirBoroukmilanUnknownMakou29.06.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties

Kolbar:

Kolbar (Kurdish: کۆڵبەر‎) is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.

In this month several Kolbars have been shot directly by Iranian border forces and Turkish border forces, and as a result seven Kolbers died and twenty three badly wounded.

Died Kolbars:

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of incidentCause of deathDate
OmarMaslahatiUnknownNoukan – SardashtDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces06.06.2020
ArhamGuruUnknownSalmasDirect shooting by Turkish border forces16.06.2020
QasemSarbaziUnkownChaldiran borderDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces25.06.2020
Sajad Delai Milan20Chaldiran borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces26.06.2020
ShakirBruki MilanUnknownChaldiran borderDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces26.06.2020
Salim SoleimannejadUnkownUrmiaDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces28.06.2020


Wounded Kolbar:

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of incidentCause of injuryDate
AliMoarefiUnknownBanehDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces04.06.2020
AbdulrahmanShaefiUnknownNukan – SaedashtDirect shooting by Iranian border forces06.06.2020
HeminMozafariUnknownHani GermeleDirect shooting by Iranian border forces06.06.2020
MohammadRostamiUnknownSaqqez bordersBeaten by Iranian border forces06.06.2020
HawbirEbrahimiUnknownDinaran borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces07.06.2020
ArsalanAbdulahiUnknownDinaran borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces07.06.2020
Osman SalehiUnknownDinaran borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces07.06.2020
EbrahimRasuliUnknownDinaran borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces07.06.2020
QabilMajaniradUnknownUrmiaLost one leg by landmine explosion16.06.2020
SaidGuruUnknownSalmas borderDirect shooting by Turkish border forces16.06.2020
Rasul HasanzadehUnknownDoletu borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces16.06.2020
HadiRastiUnknownBaneh borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces16.06.2020
AyoubRostami27Shushmi borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces21.06.2020
UnknownUnknownUnknownHange JaleDirect shooting by Iranian border forces22.06.2020
UnknownUnknownUnknownHange JaleDirect shooting by Iranian border forces22.06.2020
YasinAalaiUnknownChaldiran borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces25.06.2020
RezaDelai MilanUnknownChaldiran borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces25.06.2020
ArsalanNatoushUnknownUrmia bordersDirect shooting by Iranian border forces26.06.2020
DaoudMajidianUnknownUrmiaDirect shooting by Iranian border forces28.06.2020
UnknownUnknownUnknownUrmiaDirect shooting by Iranian border forces28.06.2020
ArefKhodadi48NowsudDirect shooting by Iranian border forces29.06.2020
JamilAbdi29NowsudDirect shooting by Iranian border forces29.06.2020
ToufiqRostadUnknownNowsudDirect shooting by Iranian border forces29.06.2020

Suicide and self-immolation:
In June 2020 at least four women (one of them only 16 years old) committed suicide and self-immolation.

First nameFamily nameAgePlaceReasonDate
NeginKarami16SaqqezFamily problems10.06.2020
RojinFallahi22MarivanFamily problems13.06.2020
ShivaEbrahimiUnknownMahabadFamily problems22.06.2020
ShilerBarzanji28UrmiaFamily pressure for marriage 21.06.2020

Wounded and killed by landmine explosion:

In June 2020 at least one individual was badly wounded and one individual died by landmine explosions.

First nameFamily nameAgePlaceDamageDate
SattarAsghariUnknownPiranshahrLeg injuries – he is part of Iranian armed forces and injured during work 12.06.2020
UnknownUnknownUnknownBanehLost a leg 12.06.2020
First nameLast nameAgeLocationDate
Darwish Mineh49Alut – Baneh16.06.2020

Murder – honor killing

In June 2020, one woman died as a result of so-called honor killing.

First name Family name Age Location Date Way of killing
Somayeh Fathi 18 Kermanshah 20.06.2020 Forced her to take rice pills (suicide pills)

KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and to report to international institutions and to the world, the discriminations and violations of human rights by Iranian regime.

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