The Kurdish Human Rights Situation Report in January 2021

This is KMMK’s monthly report, January 2021, on the human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. This report summarizes key human rights issues on events during January 2021, including executions, detentions, homicide, Police shootings and state terrorism and violence. Data is collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.

This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to resource limitations, restriction to access to the country, the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civil and human rights groups by the Iranian government.

In January 2021 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.


In January 2021 at least four individuals were executed in Iranian prisons.

Mohammadfard35KermanshahHomicide – Qesas
Mostafaii31MarivanCollaborating with Kurdish parties
BahramianBoukanHomicide – Qesas
Ghaderi46Sevlava – Senneh (Sannadaj)Homicide – Qesas

Imprisonment and illegal detention:

In January 2021, at least one hundred and thirty Kurdish civilians were detained by Iranian security forces from which 118 were detained in the recent wave of mass detention in various Kurdish cities. Most of the detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order. It has been reported that some detainees have been beaten and tortured by the security and intelligence forces.

According to the reports, at least two individuals Salman Nazari 25 years old (from Khorramabad) and Bahman Oghabi 35 years old (from Shahabad Kermanshah) tortured and died in detention.

Kolbar and merchants:

Kolbar (Kurdish: کۆڵبەر‎) is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.

In this month several Kolbars and merchants have been shot directly by Iranian border forces and Turkish border forces. Few incidents were also reported due to the extreme weather conditions and avalanche. As a result ten Kolbars severely wounded and seven died.

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of residenceCause of death
MohammadAhmadiSaqqezDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces
YousefFattahzadehBanehDirect shooting by Turkish border forces
Yawar AslaniUrmiaAvalanche

Suicide and self-immolation:
In January 2021 at least ten individuals (five females and five males) committed suicide and self-immolation.

First nameFamily nameGenderAgePlace
HawjinFemale14Abbarikei – Diwandare
SaraTamrkhaniFemale13Sarpol-e Zahab

State terrorism and violence
In January 2021, at least two individuals Salman Nazari 25 years old (from Khorramabad) and Bahman Oghabi 35 years old (from Shahabad Kermanshah) were tortured and died in detention.

First nameFamily nameAgeDatePlace of incidentStatusCause 
SalmanNazari25KhorramabadDeadTortured and killed in detenion
BahmanOghabi35KermanshahDeadTortured and killed in detenion

KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and to report to international institutions and to the world, the discriminations and violations of human rights by Iranian regime.
Kurdistan human rights Association

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