The Kurdish Human Rights Situation Report in April 2020


This is KMMK’s monthly report, April 2020, on human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. It summarizes key human rights issues on events during April 2020, including executions, detentions, torture and suicide. Data are collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.

This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to  (resource limitations, restriction to access to the country) the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civic and human rights groups by the Iranian government.
In April 2020 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, executions, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture, violating basic rights of prisoners and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.


In April 2020, Iran executed at least nine prisoners. There were several reports on more executions that due to lack of credible sources we do not publish the names:

First nameFamily nameAgeCityAccusationDare of excecuation
MostafaSalimi51SaqqezPolitical activism11.04.2020
ShayanSaeedpourunkownSaqqezPremeditated murder21.04.2020
LoghmanAhmadpour30BanehPremeditated murder22.04.2020
SinaMohammadi26DehgolanPremeditated murder23.04.2020
RamiarMokhles28BanehPremeditated murder24.04.2020
AbdulwahedFeyziunkownBanehPremeditated murder24.04.2020
ZrarPeyghami53ShnoPremeditated murder28.04.2020
YaserRasouli30BoukanPremeditated murder28.04.2020
Fayegh SharifiunkownDivandarrehPremeditated murder28.04.2020

In the city of Saqqez, this month after the prisoner’s escape on March 2020 more prisoners executed.

Imprisonment and illegal detention:

In April 2020, at least fourteen Kurdish civilians have been detained or by Iranian security forces.. Most of detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order.  There are political, civic and environmental activists among those who have been arrested. They have been beaten and tortured by security forces.

First nameFamily namePlace of detentionDateAccusation
GholamrezeNouri AliKermanshah03.04.2020Reporting on COVID-19
GhasemAtai AzimiBojnurd14.04.2020Unkown – he is media and poletical activist
EsmailArdavaniMarivan23.04.2020Collaborating with Kurdish opposition parties
Barzan KarimiBaneh30.04.2020Unkown
MohammahEbrahimzamehPiranshahr30.04.2020Collaborating with Kurdish opposition parties


Kolbar (Kurdish: کۆڵبەر‎) is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.

In this month several Kolbars have been shot directly by Iranian forces and as a result two Kolbers died and three badly wounded.

     Died  Kolbars:

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of incidentCause of deathDate
BorhanJonyanlou24Maku hightsDirect shooting by Iranian border forces08.04.2020
Asghar MohammadiUnkownNabikand hightsUnkown09.04.2020

    Wounded Kolbar:

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of incidentCause of injuryDate
MajidUnkownUnkownMaku borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces08.04.2020
UnkonwUnkownUnkownMaku borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces08.04.2020
MajidBeraiUnkownSheikh Salu village Direct shooting by Iranian border forces13.04.2020

Suicide and self-immolation:

In April 2020 at least eleven people mainly women committed suicide and self-immolation.

First nameFamily nameAgePlaceReasonDate
Male – Unknown33IlamPoverty and unemployment16.04.2020
Female -Unknown12IlamPoverty and unemployment16.04.2020
SamanAnsariUnkownKamyaranPoverty and unemployment18.04.2020
DaryaMohammadi24Senneh (Sanandaj)Family problems22.04.2020
Negin Amini34SonqorPoverty and unemployment22.04.2020
SharifehMostafapour32SaqqezFamily problems22.04.2020
AfsanehRahimi29SaqqezFamily problems22.04.2020
Female- Z.Q.25Senneh (Sanandaj)Family problems26.04.2020
Female- L.Ghaderi50KamyaranFamily problems30.04.2020

KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and report to international institutions and to the worl, the discriminations and violetions of human rights by Iranian regime.

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