The Kurdish Human Rights Situation Report in October 2020

This is KMMK’s monthly report, October 2020, on the human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. This report summarizes key human rights issues on events during October 2020, including executions, detentions, homicide, Police shootings, state terrorism and violence, immigration and asylum seeking incidents. Data is collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.

This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to resource limitations, restriction to access to the country, the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civil and human rights groups by the Iranian government.

In October 2020 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.


In October 2020, at least five individuals were executed in Iranian prisons.

First nameFamily nameCityAccusationDare of excecuation
PeymanSafaiAligudarz prisonDrug related charges26.10.2020
AliMalekiUrmia prisonHomicide28.10.2020
YasinPourmohammdiUrmia prisonHomicide28.10.2020
Moosa RahmaniUrmia prisonHomicide28.10.2020
ZeynalUrmia prisonHomicide28.10.2020

Imprisonment and illegal detention:

In October 2020, at least 26 Kurdish civilians were detained by Iranian security forces from which two were women and one was a Kolbar. Most of the detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order. It has been reported that some detainees have been beaten and tortured by the security and intelligence forces.

MiladWeisiSenneh (Sanandaj)30.09.2020Acting against national security
KeyhanShiriniSenneh (Sanandaj)03.10.2020Unknown
BaramGhasemiSenneh (Sanandaj)03.10.2020Unknown
LatifAbdiDizelabad prison03.10.2020Unknown
TaghiMoradiAbdanan02.10.2020Unknown – Salafist
Mohammad AliKhalenezhadSardasht02.10.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
HamedDadsetanMarivan14.10.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
HamdiDabestaniMarivan14.10.2020Collaborating with Ansar u Nusrat
AbdolazizHeidarpourUrmia prison14.10.2020Unknown
MohsenSeliniHewraman18.10.2020Civil activist – student

Detained Women

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of detentionDate


First nameFamily namePlace of detentionDate

Kolbar and merchants:

Kolbar (Kurdish: کۆڵبەر‎) is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.

In this month several Kolbars and merchants have been shot directly by Iranian border forces and Turkish border forces, and as a result nine individuals severely wounded and three individuals died. In this month one Kolbar was also detained by Iranian police.

Died Kolbars and merchants:

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of residenceCause of deathDateDate
HivaZareiHanejaleh – BanehDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces02.10.202002.10.2020
MoslemGhasemiSiroDirect shooting by Turkish border forces31.10.202031.10.2020
HivaWakiliRashidabadChased by Iranian forces13.10.202013.10.2020

Wounded Kolbars and merchants:

First nameFamily nameCityPlace of incidentCauseDate
As’adNoddesheiTata border – HeweramanDirect shooting by Iranian border forces08.10.2020
KamalMirzaiNowsud borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces08.10.2020
RahmatAminiNukan borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces09.10.2020
MohammadBaneh borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces12.10.2020
VazirWeisiNowsud borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces12.10.2020
AvarehFathiZileh borderDirect shooting by Iranian border forces19.10.2020
MoslehGhasemiSerow regionDirect shooting by Turkish armed forces31.10.2020
BorhanHashemiKermanshanDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces13.10.2020
ShafiqRahbariMaku borderDirect shooting by Turkish armed forces05.10.2020

Suicide and self-immolation:
In October 2020 at least three individuals (one female and two males) committed suicide and self-immolation.

First nameFamily nameGenderPlaceReasonDate
JamalDurbasMalePiranshahrUnemployment and poverty27.10.2020

Wounded by landmine explosion:

In October 2020 at least one individual was badly wounded by landmine explosions.

First nameFamily nameAgePlaceDamage
KhsrowHosseiniMarivanLoosing bodypart08.10.2020

State terrorism and violence

In October 2020 at least four individuals were shot by Iranian armed forces from which three individuals died and one severely injured.


First nameFamily nameDatePlace of incidentStatusCause 
KajvanAlmasi07.10.2020ShahriarDeadDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces
RasulGhaderi14.10.2020Shur DeadDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces
AshkanAzizi13.10.2020KermanshahDeadDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces
Borhan Azizi13.10.2020KermanshahInjuredDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces

Immigration and asylum seeking incidents

In October 2020 at least 5 individuals (including three kids one only 15 months old), all from the same family. had drowned while crossing the English channel. Two individuals, former members of the Komala party, are facing deportation to Iran in Germany.

First nameAgeFamily nameFromDatePlace of incidentStatusCause 
Rasul35IranezhadSardasht27.10.2020English channelDeadDrowning
Shiva35MohammadpanahiSardasht27.10.2020English channelDeadDrowning
Anita9IranezhadSardasht27.10.2020English channelDeadDrowning
Armin6IranezhadSardasht27.10.2020English channelDeadDrowning
Artin15 monthsIranezhadSardasht27.10.2020English channelDeadDrowning
HivaMoradi13.10.2020GermanyDeportation fears former Komala member
AlaFathi13.10.2020GermanyDeportation fears former Komala member

KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and to report to international institutions and to the world, the discriminations and violations of human rights by Iranian regime.
Kurdistan human rights Association