This is KMMK’s monthly report, October 2020, on the human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. This report summarizes key human rights issues on events during October 2020, including executions, detentions, homicide, Police shootings, state terrorism and violence, immigration and asylum seeking incidents. Data is collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.
This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to resource limitations, restriction to access to the country, the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civil and human rights groups by the Iranian government.
In October 2020 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.
In October 2020, at least five individuals were executed in Iranian prisons.
|First name||Family name||City||Accusation||Dare of excecuation|
|Peyman||Safai||Aligudarz prison||Drug related charges||26.10.2020|
Imprisonment and illegal detention:
In October 2020, at least 26 Kurdish civilians were detained by Iranian security forces from which two were women and one was a Kolbar. Most of the detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order. It has been reported that some detainees have been beaten and tortured by the security and intelligence forces.
|Milad||Weisi||Senneh (Sanandaj)||30.09.2020||Acting against national security|
|Taghi||Moradi||Abdanan||02.10.2020||Unknown – Salafist|
|Mohammad Ali||Khalenezhad||Sardasht||02.10.2020||Collaborating with Kurdish parties|
|Hamed||Dadsetan||Marivan||14.10.2020||Collaborating with Kurdish parties|
|Hamdi||Dabestani||Marivan||14.10.2020||Collaborating with Ansar u Nusrat|
|Mohsen||Selini||Hewraman||18.10.2020||Civil activist – student|
|First name||Family name||Age||Place of detention||Date|
|First name||Family name||Place of detention||Date|
Kolbar and merchants:
Kolbar (Kurdish: کۆڵبەر) is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.
In this month several Kolbars and merchants have been shot directly by Iranian border forces and Turkish border forces, and as a result nine individuals severely wounded and three individuals died. In this month one Kolbar was also detained by Iranian police.
Died Kolbars and merchants:
|First name||Family name||Age||Place of residence||Cause of death||Date||Date|
|Hiva||Zarei||Hanejaleh – Baneh||Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces||02.10.2020||02.10.2020|
|Moslem||Ghasemi||Siro||Direct shooting by Turkish border forces||31.10.2020||31.10.2020|
|Hiva||Wakili||Rashidabad||Chased by Iranian forces||13.10.2020||13.10.2020|
Wounded Kolbars and merchants:
|First name||Family name||City||Place of incident||Cause||Date|
|As’ad||Noddeshei||Tata border – Heweraman||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||08.10.2020|
|Kamal||Mirzai||Nowsud border||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||08.10.2020|
|Rahmat||Amini||Nukan border||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||09.10.2020|
|Mohammad||Baneh border||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||12.10.2020|
|Vazir||Weisi||Nowsud border||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||12.10.2020|
|Avareh||Fathi||Zileh border||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||19.10.2020|
|Mosleh||Ghasemi||Serow region||Direct shooting by Turkish armed forces||31.10.2020|
|Borhan||Hashemi||Kermanshan||Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces||13.10.2020|
|Shafiq||Rahbari||Maku border||Direct shooting by Turkish armed forces||05.10.2020|
Suicide and self-immolation:
In October 2020 at least three individuals (one female and two males) committed suicide and self-immolation.
|First name||Family name||Gender||Place||Reason||Date|
|Jamal||Durbas||Male||Piranshahr||Unemployment and poverty||27.10.2020|
Wounded by landmine explosion:
In October 2020 at least one individual was badly wounded by landmine explosions.
|First name||Family name||Age||Place||Damage|
State terrorism and violence
In October 2020 at least four individuals were shot by Iranian armed forces from which three individuals died and one severely injured.
|First name||Family name||Date||Place of incident||Status||Cause|
|Kajvan||Almasi||07.10.2020||Shahriar||Dead||Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces|
|Rasul||Ghaderi||14.10.2020||Shur||Dead||Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces|
|Ashkan||Azizi||13.10.2020||Kermanshah||Dead||Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces|
|Borhan||Azizi||13.10.2020||Kermanshah||Injured||Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces|
Immigration and asylum seeking incidents
In October 2020 at least 5 individuals (including three kids one only 15 months old), all from the same family. had drowned while crossing the English channel. Two individuals, former members of the Komala party, are facing deportation to Iran in Germany.
|First name||Age||Family name||From||Date||Place of incident||Status||Cause|
|Artin||15 months||Iranezhad||Sardasht||27.10.2020||English channel||Dead||Drowning|
|Hiva||Moradi||13.10.2020||Germany||Deportation fears former Komala member|
|Ala||Fathi||13.10.2020||Germany||Deportation fears former Komala member|
KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and to report to international institutions and to the world, the discriminations and violations of human rights by Iranian regime.
Kurdistan human rights Association