The Kurdish Human Rights Situation Report in September 2020

This is KMMK’s monthly report, September 2020, on the human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. This report summarizes key human rights issues on events during September 2020, including executions, detentions, homicide, Police shootings and workplace safety incidents. Data is collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.

This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to resource limitations, restriction to access to the country, the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civil and human rights groups by the Iranian government.

In September 2020 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.

Execution:

In September 2020, at least two people were executed in Iranian prisons.

First nameFamily nameAgeCityAccusationDare of excecuation
FarhadRahimiUrmia01.09.2020
KhedrGhavidelUrimia10.09.2020

Imprisonment and illegal detention:

In September 2020, at least thirty three Kurdish civilians were detained by Iranian security forces from which five were women and seven were Kolbars. Most of the detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order. It has been reported that some detainees have been beaten and tortured by the security and intelligence forces.

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of detentionDateAccusation
SadiqSeifiUnknownJavanrud29.08.2020Unknown
BayazidGhaderi ChupanUnknownDivandarreh31.08.2020Acting against national security
SaberSalehiUnknownNaqadeh31.08.2020Unknown
SoleimanKarimpourUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)05.09.2020Unknown
KhalidMohammadzadeh AghdamUnknownMahabad04.09.2020Unknown
SaberSalehiUnknownMahabad04.09.2020Unknown
SadiqHeidariUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)05.09.2020Unknown
PeymanKhunkabutar43Maku07.09.2020Unknown
HiwaAzizpour18Marivan06.09.2020Unknown
FarshadJaheshUnknownDewzanav12.09.2020Unknown
MohammadNabardi30BoukanUnknown – Salafist
MahmoudGhanbarvandUnknownPiranshahr12.09.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
NasrollahHeidarnezhadUnknownPiranshahr12.09.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
TaherSheikhi40Dewzanav14.09.2020Unknown
AbdulazizHeidarpourUnknownBoukan10.09.2020Collaborating with Ansar u Nusrat
ArsalanHedayatiUnknownKahrizeh – Urmia13.09.2020Unknown
AmirPiyadehUnknownQorveh21.09.2020Unknown
AkoKarimiUnknownBoukan21.09.2020Unknown
BapirBarzehUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)19.09.2020Unknown
AliLeraviUnknownChiyane – Piranshahr22.09.2020Unknown
UnknownUnknownLorestan14.09.2020Civil activist – student
Detained Kolbars and merchants
First nameFamily nameAgePlace of detentionDateOccupation
SaidEzzat Tahari25Piranshahr07.09.2020Kolbar
ShadmanMarivaniTeenagerMarivan12.09.2020Kolbar
UnknownTeenagerUnknown12.09.2020Kolbar
UnknownTeenagerUnknown12.09.2020Kolbar
UnknownTeenagerUnknown12.08.2020Kolbar
UnknownUnknownDoleshin14.09.2020Kolbar
UnknownUnknownDoleshin14.09.2020Kolbar
Detained Women
First nameFamily nameAgePlace of detentionDateAccusation
SaraBarzegarKermanshah12.09.2020Collaborating with Kurdish parties
NargesMohammadiMirawle – Paveh16.09.2020Unknown
NeginWeisiMirawle – Paveh16.09.2020Unknown
BaharAhmadiMirawle – Paveh16.09.2020Unknown
ElhamMoradiMirawle – Paveh16.09.2020Unknown

Kolbar and merchants:

Kolbar (Kurdish: کۆڵبەر‎) is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.

In this month several Kolbars and merchants have been shot directly by Iranian border forces and Turkish border forces, and as a result six individuals died. In this month eighteen Kolbars and merchants were also detained by Iranian police.

Died Kolbars and merchants:

First nameFamily nameAgePlace of residencePlace of incidentCause of deathDate
ZanestHassannezhad25QelereshDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces02.09.2020
ZankoAhmadi22KhankhlDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces02.09.2020
SorushMakariUnknownSardashtDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces02.09.2020
JalalKhezriUnknownZewe – PiranshahrDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces02.09.2020
ShahramMohammadi Alamholi24Isakandi – MakuChaldiranDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces12.09.2020
SalahIsazadehUnknownSheikhOsman- ShinoShinoDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces13.09.2020

Detained Kolbars and merchants:

First nameFamily nameCityAgePlace of incidentCauseDate
KhedrSardashtUnknownSardashtDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces29.08.2020
NarimanSobhaniSawlavaUnknownNowsudDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces29.08.2020
SodinKalashiGioran – Khoy35Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces30.08.2020
HamidHosseiniShaho -rawansar27Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces01.09.2020
AliBagheri57Marivan02.09.2020
MohammadN.Salas-e BabajaniUnknownNowsudDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces03.09.2020
Seyyed EzzatTaheriPiranshahr25QalarashDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces07.09.2020
ManiHashemiShamshir – Paveh14Nowsud06.09.2020
JafarRahbariMakuUnknownChaldiranDirect shooting by Turkish armed forces12.09.2020
FatehMahmoudiQolqale – Salas-e Babajani34Nowsud12.09.2020
NaderSalehiMakuUnknownMakuDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces15.09.2020
BarzanBanehUnknownHangejaleDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces13.09.2020
HedayatSalas-e BabajaniUnknownSalas-e BabajaniDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces21.09.2020
NamdarSalas-e BabajaniUnknownSalas-e BabajaniDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces21.09.2020
UnknownSalas-e BabajaniUnknownSalas-e BabajaniDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces21.09.2020
UnknownSalas-e BabajaniUnknownSalas-e BabajaniDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces21.09.2020
KavehAbdiRazab28Sawlava20.09.2020
KeyvanQaderpourMalta – BanehUnknownBaneh heightsDirect shooting by Iranian armed forces24.09.2020

Incidents due to Workplace Safety issues

In September 2020 at least eight individuals had incidents during work due to Workplace Safety issues

First nameFamily nameCityDateOccupationCause of incidentPlace of incidentStatus
SharifNaserabadiBelbelanabad04.09.2020Wall demolitionSofava – DehgolanDead
AkbarUnknownUnknown04.09.2020Wall demolitionSofava – DehgolanUnknown
Unknown-maleResident of Zanjire-SroChardawil– Ilam04.09.2020Gas explosionIlamUnknown
GhafurAminiSawlava05.09.2020While working with threshing machineSawlavaDead
GhaderBahraminanSawlava05.09.2020While working with threshing machineSawlavaDead
KhaledSheikhiSaqqez10.09.2020Incident in water canalDead
Unknown-maleSalas-e Babajani17.09.2020While unloading cargoSalas-e BabajaniUnknown
Unknown-maleSalas-e Babajani17.09.2020While unloading cargoSalas-e BabajaniUnknown

Suicide and self-immolation:
In September 2020 at least seven individuals (three female and four male) committed suicide and self-immolation.

First nameFamily nameGenderAgePlaceReasonDate
FatemehHawasiFemale16Qala-Shain – Sarpol-e ZahabFamily issues31.08.2020
MaryamAtmanibahar SeifiFemaleUnknownUrmiaFamily issues19.09.2020
BaharSeifiFemale16Hassanava – Senneh (Sanandaj)Family issues – regarding divorse20.09.2020
AnwarMohammadrezaiiMaleUnknownSenneh (Sanandaj)Unemployment and poverty27.08.2020
WahidEhsaniMaleUnknownDivandarreh02.09.2020
RasulAhmadiMaleUnknownBoukanDeath of his son07.09.2020
ArefTorkanMaleUnknownHamadanUnemployment and poverty23.09.2020

Wounded Civilians from shootings of Iranian armed forces

In September 2020 at least six individuals had severely wounded due to shootings of Iranian armed forces from which four wounded from RPG shootings.

NameFamily nameCityCauseDateEstate during the incident
HassanKhedrpourLolkan – ShinoDirect shooting17.09.2020Shepherding
KhedrBayazidiMahabadRPG shooting20.09.2020Inside car
UnknownMahabadRPG shooting20.09.2020Inside car
UnknownMahabadRPG shooting20.09.2020Inside car
UnknownMahabadRPG shooting20.09.2020Inside car
ArabMohammadLolkan – ShinoDirect shooting17.09.2020Shepherding

KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and to report to international institutions and to the world, the discriminations and violations of human rights by Iranian regime.
Kurdistan human rights Association