This is KMMK’s monthly report, April 2020, on human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. It summarizes key human rights issues on events during April 2020, including executions, detentions, torture and suicide. Data are collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.
This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to (resource limitations, restriction to access to the country) the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civic and human rights groups by the Iranian government.
In April 2020 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, executions, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture, violating basic rights of prisoners and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.
In April 2020, Iran executed at least nine prisoners. There were several reports on more executions that due to lack of credible sources we do not publish the names:
|First name||Family name||Age||City||Accusation||Dare of excecuation|
In the city of Saqqez, this month after the prisoner’s escape on March 2020 more prisoners executed.
Imprisonment and illegal detention:
In April 2020, at least fourteen Kurdish civilians have been detained or by Iranian security forces.. Most of detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order. There are political, civic and environmental activists among those who have been arrested. They have been beaten and tortured by security forces.
|First name||Family name||Place of detention||Date||Accusation|
|Gholamreze||Nouri Ali||Kermanshah||03.04.2020||Reporting on COVID-19|
|Ghasem||Atai Azimi||Bojnurd||14.04.2020||Unkown – he is media and poletical activist|
|Esmail||Ardavani||Marivan||23.04.2020||Collaborating with Kurdish opposition parties|
|Mohammah||Ebrahimzameh||Piranshahr||30.04.2020||Collaborating with Kurdish opposition parties|
Kolbar (Kurdish: کۆڵبەر) is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.
In this month several Kolbars have been shot directly by Iranian forces and as a result two Kolbers died and three badly wounded.
|First name||Family name||Age||Place of incident||Cause of death||Date|
|Borhan||Jonyanlou||24||Maku hights||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||08.04.2020|
|First name||Family name||Age||Place of incident||Cause of injury||Date|
|Majid||Unkown||Unkown||Maku border||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||08.04.2020|
|Unkonw||Unkown||Unkown||Maku border||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||08.04.2020|
|Majid||Berai||Unkown||Sheikh Salu village||Direct shooting by Iranian border forces||13.04.2020|
Suicide and self-immolation:
In April 2020 at least eleven people mainly women committed suicide and self-immolation.
|First name||Family name||Age||Place||Reason||Date|
|Male – Unknown||33||Ilam||Poverty and unemployment||16.04.2020|
|Female -Unknown||12||Ilam||Poverty and unemployment||16.04.2020|
|Saman||Ansari||Unkown||Kamyaran||Poverty and unemployment||18.04.2020|
|Darya||Mohammadi||24||Senneh (Sanandaj)||Family problems||22.04.2020|
|Negin||Amini||34||Sonqor||Poverty and unemployment||22.04.2020|
|Female- Z.||Q.||25||Senneh (Sanandaj)||Family problems||26.04.2020|
|Female- L.||Ghaderi||50||Kamyaran||Family problems||30.04.2020|
KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and report to international institutions and to the worl, the discriminations and violetions of human rights by Iranian regime.